Play List:

1. The Rath Boys

2. The Witchfinder

3. A Madcap Prince

4. Corinne

5. The Queen of Connaught

6. The Nine Days’ Queen

7. The Mormons

8. The Shadow of the Sword

9. Lucy Brandon

10. Storm-Beaten

11. Lady Clare

[Flowers of the Forest]

12. A Sailor and His Lass

13. Bachelors

14. Constance

15. Lottie

16. Agnes

17. Alone in London

18. Sophia

19. Fascination

20. The Blue Bells of Scotland

21. Partners

22. Joseph’s Sweetheart

23. That Doctor Cupid

24. Angelina!

25. The Old Home

26. A Man’s Shadow

27. Theodora

28. Man and the Woman

29. Clarissa

30. Miss Tomboy

31. The Bride of Love

32. Sweet Nancy

33. The English Rose

34. The Struggle for Life

35. The Sixth Commandment

36. Marmion

37. The Gifted Lady

38. The Trumpet Call

39. Squire Kate

40. The White Rose

41. The Lights of Home

42. The Black Domino

43. The Piper of Hamelin

44. The Charlatan

45. Dick Sheridan

46. A Society Butterfly

47. Lady Gladys

48. The Strange Adventures of Miss Brown

49. The Romance of the Shopwalker

50. The Wanderer from Venus

51. The Mariners of England

52. Two Little Maids from School

53. When Knights Were Bold


Short Plays

Other Plays

Buchanan’s Theatrical Ventures in America

Poetry Readings





The Fleshly School Controversy
Buchanan and the Press
Buchanan and the Law

The Critical Response
Harriett Jay

Site Diary
Site Search


20. The Blue Bells of Scotland (1887)


The Blue Bells of Scotland (adapted from Buchanan’s novel, A Child of Nature).
by Robert Buchanan.
London: Novelty Theatre. 12 September to 8 October, 1887.
London: Grand Theatre, Islington. 24 October, 1887.

(Harriett Jay played the role of Lady Ethel Gordon.)


The Morning Post (10 January, 1887 - p.2)

     “The Blue Bells of Scotland” is the title of a new play written by Mr. Robert Buchanan for the American stage.



The Era (9 July, 1887 - p.8)

     THE Novelty Theatre will shortly reopen under the management of Miss Harriett Jay, who will make her reappearance in a new romantic drama by Mr Robert Buchanan. The house will be redecorated for the occasion, and, in all probability, renamed.



The Glasgow Herald (25 July, 1887 - p.4)

     Miss Harriett Jay announces that she will very shortly open the Novelty Theatre with a new five-act play of Scottish life and character written by Mr Robert Buchanan, and entitled “The Blue Bells of Scotland.” Mr Henry Neville will perform the part of the hero. The play has by way of motto the verse beginning “O where, O where, is my Highland laddie gone.”



The Entr’acte (30 July, 1887 - p.4)

     Miss Harriet Jay has resolved upon making an experiment at the Novelty, and I sincerely hope she may succeed, though I am bound to say the odds are heavy against her. She will commence her campaign by producing a new play from the pen of Mr. Robert Buchanan. The Novelty is a theatre which requires some very potent factor to bring it out of the valley and shadow of blight; and whether Miss Jay will be able to supply that factor, we shall know within the next few months.

     The Novelty has lately been used by amateurs who have been glorifying themselves and torturing their friends. I am very pleased that it is to be taken out of this groove, and that it is once more to take its stand as a theatre proper, for I was afraid it was fast drifting into that position which was once held by the little King’s Cross establishment, and, further back, by that Dean Street Theatre, where, if you paid to play Macbeth, the management would find you support. And if you paid liberally, applause was provided for you, too.

     When I speak of the Novelty and Dean Street Theatres I am unconsciously reminded of Mr. Willie Edouin, who has made a good try at both of these establishments, and, I expect, with no such result as would make him anxious to try again. And if Mr. Edouin fails at a theatre, the chances are that nineteen out of every twenty managers will fail there too, for Mr. Edouin is quite a Mr. George Conquest, is thoroughly practical, knows every rope, and, if needs be, can paint the scenery and play the side-drum. Not only so, but Mr. Edouin is a first-rate burlesque actor, and rejoices in a wife who is equally clever; so that the chief actors in the pieces he produces are generally played by himself and wife. Well, if Mr. Edouin, with all his practical knowledge, can’t whittle a theatre into a successful shape, it is difficult to say who can.



The Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News (13 August, 1887 - p.12)

     MISS HARRIETT JAY is evidently not one of the manageresses who cannot tolerate a pretty woman in her company. She has engaged Miss Fortescue for the part of the heroine in The Blue Bells of Scotland, and if that lady cannot act very much, her good looks at any rate are beyond dispute.



Aberdeen Evening Express (19 August 1887 - p. 2)


     In Robert Buchanan’s new play, to be produced early in September at the Novelty Theatre, the public will be called upon to sympathise with the Scotch crofters. The dramatist will picture his proteges as persons left by their nobly-born landlord to the mercy of a factor, in whose ruthless nature that heavenly attribute has no place. This factor is sketched at his worst. He is shown prosecuting with equal severity a bonnie Highland lassie and a rugged cotter. The bewitching heroine, Mina Macdonald, who unintentionally fascinates her lorldly master as well as his unscrupulous agent, will be personated by Miss Fortescue. For the heroine’s brother, Graham Macdonald, Mr Henry Neville has been cast. The play—as may be seen from this sketch of its purpose—is not without a political motive, but as the rehearsals have been commenced, it may be concluded that the censor has not offered any objection on this head.



The Penny Illustrated Paper (3 September, 1887 - p.2)

     The Novelty being one of the few London playhouses demanding a low and moderate rent, I fancy the little theatre in Great Queen-street should now pay—with good management. Anyway, the clever and versatile new Directress has my best wishes for her success. To begin with, the lady has in Mr. Howard Paul secured a most genial and experienced Manager. As for Mr. Robert Buchanan’s new play, I hear, on trustworthy authority, that “Miss Harriett Jay, in casting ‘The Blue Bells of Scotland,’ has been particular in filling the smallest parts with the greatest care, so that a perfect ensemble may be obtained. Three weeks of incessant rehearsal, under the practised eye of the author and Mr. Henry Neville, ought to enable the drama to work well at the première, on Sept. 7. In act i. the action occurs in the Highlands; in act ii. there is a bustling fair scene. A tableau representing Shaftesbury-avenue by night occurs in the third act; a jungle in Burmah is given in the fourth; and the last scene of the play will be a marvel of scenic art representing a village by the sea. Mr. Henry Neville plays a young Highlander, Graham Macdonald; and Miss Fortescue enacts his sister, Mina, a part presenting great possibilities for emotional acting.”



The Era (3 September, 1887)

     THE attention to realism in modern stage productions may be illustrated by an incident which took place the other day at the Novelty Theatre. Miss Harriett Jay having given instructions that the military costumes for The Blue Bells of Scotland were to be accurately realised down to the smallest detail, the costumiers summoned an expert, in the person of a stalwart sergeant of Highlanders, and submitted the dresses to his criticism.”All right,” was his opinion; “but,” he added, “where’s the water-bottle?” It appeared that every Highland soldier on active service carries on his person a flask of water for drinking, a fact which had been overlooked. The omission was at once supplied, and the military critic of the management expressed his complete approval. In The Blue Bells of Scotland, the singing and musical gifts of Miss Fortescue will be called into frequent requisition, and at the opening of Act 2, she will sing the beautiful old Scottish ballad, “Doon the Burn, Davie.”



The Stage (9 September, 1887 - p.12)

     The Blue Bells of Scotland, Robert Buchanan’s new drama, which was to have been produced at the Novelty Theatre on Wednesday last, stands postponed till Monday to give time for more perfect rehearsal. Whilst the theatre has been closed it has undergone an almost entire renovation, been re-painted and re-gilded, fresh carpeted, and the foyer smoking-room re-decorated. In the latter are hung a number of oil-paintings, which give it the appearance of a picture gallery.



The Times (13 September, 1887 - p.9)


     The elegant and handsomely-appointed theatre which was erected a few years ago in Great Queen-street without sufficient regard, it would seem, to the fact that that is no thoroughfare for the playgoing public, has been put to various uses. For some time past it has been placed at the disposal of amateurs. It has now, however, reverted to its original condition as a public theatre, being reopened by Miss Harriett Jay with a new drama by Mr. Robert Buchanan called The Blue Bells of Scotland. That success will attend this experiment is by no means certain, for on the fall of the curtain last night the attitude of the house was hardly such as to inspire a belief in the capacity of the new play to attract the public to an unfamiliar neighbourhood. Mr. Robert Buchanan has broken fresh ground in laying the hardships of the crofter or fishing population of the Highlands under contribution for dramatic purposes, but this subject is treated rather in an incidental fashion, his main theme being the old, old story of the betrayal of a simple country maiden by a smooth- tongued aristocrat, who assumes a lowly station the better to serve his wicked ends. Lord Arranmore, the villain of the play, is an absentee Highland landlord, who allows a hard-hearted “factor” or agent to oppress the simple-minded population owning his sway. Evictions are the order of the day, although the poor people find a warm sympathizer in the next-of-kin to the noble lord, the Highland chieftain Graham Macdonald. In these circumstances it occurs to Lord Arranmore, who is young and unmarried, but engaged to Lady Ethel Gordon, a young English lady, to visit his Highland estates in disguise as an English tourist, and the scheme brings him into relations with Mina Macdonald, Graham’s sister, whose beauty stirs his worst passions into activity. Mina Macdonald is in reality his cousin, but that circumstance does not deter Lord Arranmore from boldly abducting her in his yacht and carrying her off to a gilded cage in St. John’s- wood, after appeasing her homely scruples by a mock marriage. All this is set forth in the first and second acts, and the remainder of the play is devoted to a scheme of retribution in which Graham Macdonald and Lord Arranmore’s fiancée take part. In this somewhat conventional development of the story the author has been at pains to couple his characters with an event so recent as the campaign in Burmah. Lord Arranmore is colonel of a Highland regiment, and on deserting his victim in London, goes on active service in Burmah, whither he is followed by his avenging clansman in the capacity of a private soldier. The hostile meeting between the men occurs in a Burmah jungle, but at the moment of its threatening to have a fatal issue for the seducer, the natives attack the English detachment, and the enemies subordinate their personal quarrel to the defence of the English flag. When next the thread of the story is taken up in England we learn that Lord Arranmore has died penitent on the homeward passage, and that Macdonald has returned with the Victoria Cross and prestige enough as a soldier to secure him the hand and heart of Lady Ethel Gordon, after which the now Lord of Arranmore betakes himself to his Highland home with his English bride to console the sorrowing Mina and end the career of the tyrannical “factor.”
     Although not free from disturbing improbabilities, the play it will be seen is fresh in tone and well conceived. It suffers pictorally from being presented upon a small stage, but the Highland scenes, including village dances as well as evictions, and the jungle fighting are in their way stirring enough. Miss Fortescue plays the Highland girl, Mina Macdonald, with much winning simplicity and sweetness, and to this character, who is more picturesque in a tartan plaid than in the “braw” attire of a St. John’s-wood belle, Miss Harriett Jay offers an admirable foil as the English lady. Than Mr. Henry Neville no more robustious a representative of Macdonald could be desired. The part suits this actor to perfection. Most of the male characters are addicted to the kilt, and Scotch enters largely into the dialogue. At the close of the performance the author was called, but a certain tenuity in the plot, coupled with a too frequent use of “tableau curtains,” which cut up the play into fragments, will probably debar The Blue Bells of Scotland from becoming a popular success.



The Daily News (13 September, 1887)


     The leading incident in Mr. Robert Buchanan’s new play, “The Blue Bells of Scotland,” with which Miss Harriett Jay commenced her management of the Novelty Theatre last night, is stated to be “founded on fact,” and no doubt a forcible abduction of a pretty Highland lassie by a wicked Scottish nobleman, though a little out of date in a tale of these orderly and settled times, is a thing within the bounds of conceivability. But unfortunately—excepting some admirable incidental touches of characters—this cardinal incident is set forth in a style that reminded the experienced spectator too strongly of an old and exploded class of melodrama. The fault was certainly not that of Miss Fortescue, who has never yet exhibited so much of force and sincerity and judicious self-restraint as she displayed last night in the part of Mina Macdonald; nor would it be fair to lay it heavily to the charge of Mr. William Lang, though this gentleman’s impersonation of Lord Arranmore did not indicate in any marked degree the qualities that might be supposed to fascinate the proud and beautiful Highland girl. The play, though new to the stage, is understood to be one of the author’s early productions, and it is probable that the incidental sketches of character, which go a considerable way towards redeeming its defects, are later grafts upon the original stock. Starting under the disadvantages we have referred to the performance though relieved by many bright scenes and passages never quite recovered from the first check. Moreover, as commonly happens on such occasions, not a few ill-starred lines and incongruous incidents provoked mirth of an untimely sort, and on the whole the new play obviously failed to take a firm hold upon the spectators’ sympathies. This is the more to be regretted as much expense has been bestowed upon the mise-en-scène. Interweaving with the story of this Highland Olivia (for Mina’s scruples are finally soothed by a sham marriage) a far-reaching scheme of vengeance on the part of a brother, as well as one or two other love stories, Mr. Buchanan hurries us on to various parts of the habitable globe in the elaborate fashion of a Drury Lane drama, though unfortunately without the amplitude of stage which realistic representations of the Piccadilly end of Shaftesbury-avenue and military outposts of a Highland regiment in Burmah demand. Not content with this, he garnishes the last of his five acts with sombre and stirring details of evictions of the Crofters in Skye with the aid of a gunboat and a detachment of Marines. Mr. Henry Neville plays in his accustomed dashing style the part of Graham Macdonald, the avenging brother who lives to forgive his dying enemy, succeed to his estates, and marry the lady, Ethel Gordon, who had been unwillingly betrothed in early life to the wicked Lord Arranmore; and Miss Harriett Jay, though she is unfortunately compelled by the text to exhibit a “coming on disposition” of a rather unmaidenly sort, enacts the part of Lady Ethel with much vivacity and humour. A fresher interest, however, attaches to the more simple and truthful incidental sketches of a sprightly Highland peasant girl, admirably played by Miss Marie Stuart, and an Irish soldier enlisted in a Highland regiment, a part enacted by Mr. Eardley Turner with abundant humour and freshness. Mr. Buchanan on the fall of the curtain received the honour of a call, but was not, as it proved, destined to enjoy a wholly flattering reception.



The Echo (13 September, 1887 - p.1)


     Last night at the Novelty Theatre, after having been postponed from Wednesday last, in order, as Miss Harriet Jay informed the Press and the public, to secure a complete ensemble, was produced a new comedy-drama by Robert Buchanan, entitled, The Blue Bells of Scotland. Although the new piece cannot be said to be a complete success, or to have met with an unanimously favourable reception, the whole was undoubtedly well mounted, the principal parts were acted with spirit and made the most of by their several impersonators. A somewhat complicated tale, about a certain Lord Arranmore, who possessed large estates in Scotland, which had been brought into the family illegally by his forefathers, is the basis of the play. The lands really belong to a young Highlander (Graham Macdonald), who, however, appears to be unable to regain them unless Lord Arranmore should die while he was yet young and unmarried. The young lord himself knows not but what the lands are legally his own. At the opening of the story he is supposed to be abroad, serving in his capacity of captain of a Highland regiment, but hearing that his tenants were in trouble, and were being evicted from their homesteads by his steward Peter Dalston, and not having yet even been to Scotland, he obtains leave of absence, and comes to the “village by the sea” under the assumed name of Mr. Lawrence, in order to discover for himself whether the tales told about his steward were true. While in the Highlands his life is saved in a storm by Mina Macdonald, sister of Graham, and Arranmore, not knowing who she is, falls in love with her, and when he finds that she will not marry him without her brother’s consent, he takes the matter into his own hands, and runs off with her, and induces her to believe that they are married, whereas the man who conducted the ceremony was a sham. Graham, when he finds who it really is who has robbed him of his sister, follows them to London, and there comes across Mina in the arms of Peter Dalston, who also had often proffered his love to her, in Shaftesbury-avenue, just before the Pavilion. While in London, Mina had been shown her real position by another affianced lover, a Lady Ethel, and Lord Arranmore, after having been obliged to reveal his identity, and state that his marriage was illegal, bolts to Burmah to join his regiment, leaving her in the charge of Peter Dalston. She escapes, however, and comes across Graham, as before mentioned, in Shaftesbury-avenue. Graham, thirsting for blood, enlists in Lord Arranmore’s own regiment, and goes to Burmah, and after a fight with the Dacoits, in which the English get defeated, meets his enemy, with another officer, in the jungle alone; and the duel which follows is brought to an abrupt conclusion by their being surrounded by Dacoits, whom they hold at bay till they are rescued, Lord Arranmore receiving a fatal wound, leaving Macdonald master of his estates. Mr. Henry Neville played the part of Graham Macdonald exceedingly well, while that of Lord Arranmore was ably taken by Mr. Arthur Elwood. Mr. G. Canninge was good as Peter Dalston; and Mr. Scott Buist, as the Hon. Sam Gowan, with Mr Turner, as Sergeant Milligan, helped to enliven the story. Miss Fortescue won applause by her rendering of Mina Macdonald, and Miss Harriet Jay was fairly successful as Lady Ethel Gordon. Other members of the cast were:—Messrs. Hilton, Calhaem, Green, Land, Misses Marie Stuart, and Wingfield. The Blue Bells of Scotland will hardly have a long run.



The Morning Post (13 September, 1887 - p.5)


     Mr. Robert Buchanan has chosen a theme for the foundation of his new drama, “The Blue Bells of Scotland,” which is a dangerous one at the moment, and not unlikely to raise feelings which it were better to leave undisturbed. It may be frankly admitted that in the result no serious consequences ensued, but under less skilful treatment a play which hinges upon the eviction of small tenant farmers might easily have caused demonstrations of conflicting sympathies which would not only have ruined the prospects of the piece, but which would have also turned the theatre into an arena of political warfare. It was difficult last night to free the mind from thoughts of recent events in Ireland, and one felt that “The Blue Bells of Scotland” was a drama wrought from combustible material, that a stray spark in the way of an injudicious line might in a moment ignite. Fortunately there was not fire enough in the author’s political sentiment to cause a conflagration. Mr. Buchanan introduced some effective touches of traditional stage art in confronting a cruel agent, who would turn virtuous old age from hearth and home, with a file of kind-hearted marines who refuse to carry out his orders and decline to help in unroofing and firing cottages. Who could fail to prefer Mr. Henry Neville’s frank and manly ways to the sneaking villanies of one of the most despicable of factors? The chord of sympathy which the author strove to awaken found but faint echo in the hearts of the audience, for the Scotch peasantry who were supposed to have been harshly treated seemed but little put out at their misfortunes. They held their fair, and footed it blithely in reel and fling. Bonnie lads and lassies were they, blithe in dance and speech, and not until the last scene did they seem to be miserable to any extent. The story is of no great novelty. Lord Arranmore visits his Highland estates incognito, and is saved from shipwreck by Mina Macdonald, who with her brother Graham, lives in quiet happiness under the humble roof of a  foster-father, Koll Nicolson, an old fisherman. Graham’s ancestors were owners of the old hills which surround the cottage at Corryveolan, and he is next of kin to the present lord. Peter Dalston, the steward, is discovered by Lord Arranmore in dishonest dealings, and under threat of exposure is made to assist his master in carrying off Mina Macdonald. By the familiar expedient of a mock marriage, the scruples of the pure Highland girl are quieted, and not until she hears the truth from Lady Ethel Gordon the fiancée of Lord Arranmore, does she realise the position in which his perfidy has placed her. With miserable callousness her betrayer throws aside the toy he is tired of and goes with his regiment to Burma, whither he is followed by Graham, who in order to avenge his sister enlists in the same corps, biding his time until he shall meet the villain and demand reparation. This opportunity arrives when the British troops have suffered a check and the officers fly from their men somewhat more rapidly than the traditions of the gallant 72d would warrant. In a jungle, with no witness but a young subaltern, Graham forces Arranmore to fight, all distinctions of rank being ignored. At the cross of swords the enemy surprises the duellists, and Graham, with heroic generosity, returns his antagonist the weapon he had struck from his grasp, and in the presence of a common danger they fight back to back instead of face to face. In the contest Arranmore falls wounded, and Graham keeps the dacoits at bay until the rescuing bayonets of the 72d put them to flight. Meantime Mina is persecuted by the steward at home, who offers his hateful love as an alternative to poverty and shame. She is rescued by Angus-of-the-Dogs, a wandering ballad singer, and is restored to her sorrowing friends at home. A final attempt at wholesale evictions by Peter Dalston is frustrated by the return of Graham Macdonald, now owner of the estates, Lord Arranmore having succumbed to his wounds, not before doing justice to the honour of the lady he had wronged. As Mina Macdonald Miss Fortescue displayed pathos and power, her earlier scenes being marked by a winning sweetness of manner which was in harmony with the character and its surroundings. Miss Harriett Jay was hardly at home in giving expression to the rather forced and artificial language allotted to her. In one scene, however, she played admirably, when making advances to Graham with provoking archness by virtue of the supposed privileges of leap-year. A delightful sketch of a roguish lassie was the Jessie Macfarlan of Miss Marie Stuart, who plagued her Hibernian Highlander, Sergeant Milligan, with evident enjoyment. Mr. Henry Neville, as Graham Macdonald, acted with that hearty earnestness that has long since made him a favourite; Mr. Arhtur Elwood was at least a gentlemanly Lord Arranmore; Mr. G. Canninge was harsh and objectionable enough in all conscience as the steward; Mr. Scott Buist, Mr. Hilton, and Mr. Eardley Turner being acceptable representatives of the Hon. Sam Gordon, a young Cockney officer, Koll Nicolson, and Sergeant Milligan. The piece is well mounted, but its reception was hardly of a nature to justify the prediction of a successful career.



The Standard (13 September, 1887 - p.3)


     Last night a new play by Mr. Robert Buchanan, called The Blue Bells of Scotland, was produced at the Novelty Theatre. The occurrence has to be chronicled as an incident of theatrical news, but there is nothing whatever in the piece that is worthy of serious criticism. The story is extraordinarily trite and feeble; threadbare episodes are worked out by uninteresting puppets throughout five acts, which are not lightened by any ingenuity nor brightened by a shred of wit or humour. A wicked lord travels under a false name to visit his Scotch estates. He is attracted by a simple maiden, abducts her, and takes her to a villa in the Regent’s Park. She believes that she is his wife till she is undeceived by the lady whom the lord was to have married; and then, recognising the truth, she flies to Piccadilly-circus. Here, by a series of those coincidences which the unskilful playwright is apt to employ when gravelled for lack of invention, she meets the bad lord’s worse agent, her foster-brother, an old Highlander from her native village, and a variety of other people whose presence at that particular time of night outside the Pavilion Music Hall it would be exceedingly difficult to explain on any reasonable theory. It then appears that the wicked lord is a soldier, captain in a Highland regiment on active service in Burmah; and the spectator is transported from the top of Waterloo-place to the Asiatic jungle. The ill-used lady’s foster brother has enlisted in the wicked lord’s regiment, with an intention of fighting his officer, but after the exhibition of a good deal of very lax discipline—to express it mildly—the two enemies unite forces against Dacoits and the seducer of innocence receives a wound from which he dies. The private succeeds to the peerage and the heroine is left a widow. Much of the sentiment of Mr. Buchanan’s play struck the audience last night as ridiculous, and derisive laughter frequently broke out where it was intended that sympathy should be awakened. Mr. Henry Neville plays the part of the foster-brother in his usual style; Mr. Arthur Elwood is the bad lord. Mr. Scott Buist is able to show that, with a fair chance, he might do fairly useful service as a light comedian. Miss Fortescue strives diligently but unsuccessfully to awaken interest for the heroine, and Miss Jay fills the part of the lady who was engaged to marry the bad lord, and actually does marry his virtuous successor. It is strange that so very poor a composition should have found its way to the boards of a London theatre. That it will linger long is in the highest degree improbable.



The Aberdeen Journal (13 September, 1887 - p.5)



     Special interest, at least in the eyes of Scotchmen, telegraphs our London correspondent, attaches to the new play by Mr Robert Buchanan—“The Blue Bells of Scotland”—which was last night produced at the Novelty Theatre, London, inasmuch as it is an attempt to give an insight into the grievances of the Scotch crofters. The play is described as a comedy-drama, and the description is not inapplicable. There is a great deal that is serious and powerful in some of the scenes, and there is also a great deal that is humorous and picturesque. It won’t do much, however, to enlighten the Southron as to the real merits of the crofter question. Tenants are turned out wholesale because they cannot pay their rent, and because of the relentlessness of the factor, whom an absentee landlord has given full power; and as this theme has been worked up often enough in Irish dramas, the novelty in the present case is confined to the Scottish surroundings. The play, although there were a few dissentients, gave unbounded satisfaction to a large audience. The interest is well maintained. Several of the characters are skilfully drawn, and the piece being splendidly mounted and cleverly acted, is likely to bring good fortune to a theatre which has hitherto had an unfortunate history.



The Globe (13 September, 1887 - p.6)


     This comedy-drama by Mr. Robert Buchanan, produced for the first time last evening at the Novelty Theatre, is not calculated, as a whole, to enhance the reputation of its author. It has certainly a few elements of freshness. There is its strong Scotch colouring, for example. Though the absentee landlord, the unjust steward, and the candidates for eviction have been met with over and over again in the Hibernian drama, still, when transplanted to Scotland they give a measure of newness to the scenes in which they figure. And, in the same way, though the English playgoer may not be very greatly kindled by Scotch song or dance—may, indeed, be inclined to think both of them rather too noisy for the stage, and altogether too liberally bestowed upon “The bells of Scotland”—nevertheless they are more or less of a relief after the abounding Irish jig and the aggressive “Wearing o’ the Green.” Mr. Buchanan’s Scotch hero, again, is so far untraditionally drawn that his deeds of derring-do are performed in the interest, not (as usual) of his wife o lady-love, but of his sister, who has been abducted by the aforesaid landlord by the aid of a the aforesaid steward.
     When it is added that there is a certain amount of vigour in the military scenes, and that the comedy portions of the play are brightly and agreeably written, all has been said that can be said in positive praise of the work, which as it stands, is trite both in general scheme and in most of its details, and by no means perfectly constructed. The wicked lord who carries off the village maiden, and marries her (or pretends to marry her—in this case it is not quite clear which) under an assumed name, is not a novel personage, while the woes of Mina MacDonald, betrayed and deserted by Lord Arranmore, are those of many a heroine of the stage. But it is in the working out of Mina’s story that Mr. Buchanan is most conventional. The scenes in which she, her betrayer, and her fraternal defender figure, are all of the old clap-trap order. One of them, that which takes place at Piccadilly-circus, is even wholly unnecessary, for Mina could have been rescued quite as effectively, if not more so, in the scene preceding. The dénouement, again, is too long delayed; and, indeed, in several places the piece would be all the better for being played more closely and more rapidly. What, perhaps, militates most seriously against its success is the high-falutin character of much of the dialogue. Whenever Mr. Buchanan gets out of the comedy vein into the sentimental or heroic, he becomes strained and bombastic, and the result is that some of his most “fetching” speeches do but excite the laughter of his audience. They should at once be pruned or altogether done away with.
     No doubt the play would appear less defective than it is were it more capably interpreted by certain of the “principals.” No fault is to be found with the Graham Macdonald of Mr. Henry Neville, which is at once gallant in bearing and manly in tone; nor is Mr. Arthur Elwood without power in the uphill rôle of Lord Arranmore. Mr. Scott Buist plays a young subaltern very vivaciously, Mr. Eardley Turner is fairly amusing as a comic Irishman, Mr. S. Calhaem makes a tedious Scotch ballad sing as acceptable as it is possible to make him, and Mr. R. Hilton’s tolerable Doric helps him to struggle more or less successfully with the depressing part of and old Highland sailor who has “dreams.” Miss Marie Stuart, as (let us hope) a phenomenally forward Scotch lassie, is arch and spirited, but plays to the audience somewhat too markedly. And, unfortunately, the two heroines, Mina Macdonald and Lady Ethel Gordon (with whom Graham eventually pairs off) are not adequately treated. Miss Fortescue, in the former rôle, is pretty and graceful, but artificial throughout, never once stirring the public to enthusiasm. Her song, in the first act, is far from being a triumph of vocalism. Miss Jay, though her intentions are excellent, has not yet the skill with which to carry them out. She plays with some effect in the scene where she exercises a lady’s leap-year privilege, but in general she lacks both ease and force.
     The scenic portion of the performance is as well-done as the dimensions of the stage will allow. The supernumeraries have been carefully drilled, the dresses and appointments have had due attention paid to them, and certain scenes, such as the Highland village and the jungle, are excellently “composed” and painted. The view of Piccadilly-circus was received with applause, but suffers from being cramped for space. Even were this otherwise, playgoers, we believe, are tired of these would-be realistic representations of familiar localities.



The Lorgnette (14 September, 1887)


     Mr. Buchanan has chosen a simple theme for “The Blue Bells of Scotland,” produced at the Novelty on Monday night by Miss Jay. His main subject has served poet, playwright, and novelist again and again; but, treated with freshness and vigour, it will never fail to awake popular sympathy so long as human nature remains recognisably the same. It is the old tale of man’s selfishness and woman’s trust, relieved with stirring accidents by flood and field, admirable character drawing, and a great deal of curious and interesting lore about queer and interesting people. The drama opens in the Highlands of Scotland, and the two principal themes are at once touched upon. We are in the midst of a quaint Highland population, suffering under the iron rule of the agent of an absentee landlord, and we meet Graham MacDonald, the rightful heir to the rack-rented property, an ardent young fellow, burning to right the wrongs of the humble friends among whom he has passed his early days. Here, too, under an assumed name, comes Lord Arranmore, the responsible landlord, to demand accounts of his unjust steward, and philanthropically inclined to redress his tenants’ wrongs. But he finds metal more attractive than the crofter question in MacDonald’s sister, Mina, a pretty Scotch lass, whom he abducts and seduces. Graham, madly indignant at this wrong, enlists as a private in the regiment of his sister’s lover, under orders for Burmah, with the avowed intention of killing him. In an encounter with the natives the regiment is cut to pieces, and Lord Arranmore and Graham come together in a lonely jungle. Here a fierce duel ensues, but the sudden renewed onslaught of the enemy forces on the combatants the duty of forgetting private quarrels, and uniting their efforts to save the honour of their flag and regiment. Lord Arranmore is killed, and since he dies without issue, Graham, as next of kin, succeeds to the title and estates, and returns to England in time to checkmate the unjust steward, who has had things all his own way of late. It turns out, too, on the dead man’s confession, that he had really married Mina, who is, therefore, Lady Arranmore, and an “honest woman.” Mr. Buchanan has very skilfully embroidered this theme with studies of Highland and military life, and Miss Jay has mounted it superbly. The scenery of the third and fourth acts is particularly beautiful. Not even at Drury Lane, the acknowledged home of this kind of realism, have London audiences witnessed anything more beautiful and picturesque than the sets representing Shaftesbury Avenue by night, and the two jungle scenes in Burmah. The military manœuvres are gone through with admirable precision and smartness, and the closing fight in the fourth act forms a very impressive tableau. Here and there cutting will be necessary and a few performances will have the effect of extra drill on the crowds.
     Mr. Henry Neville, as the young Highland chief, was the same handsome and gallant young gentleman with whom lovers of drama have been so long familiar, and won and kept the sympathies of the house from start to finish. Miss Fortescue, as his sister, showed a marked advance on any previous effort. Her long spell of varied work in the provinces and in America has done her good, and after Monday night’s performance she takes rank as a serious artist. High praise is due to Miss Marie Stuart for her clever and winsome portrait of a Highland girl, a most delightful performance, couched with quiet humour and sunny good spirits. Miss Jay was perhaps excusably nervous, failing to “let herself go” in her stronger scenes with sufficient abandon, but her comedy and love making were both admirable. Mr. Canninge was good as the dishonest steward, and Mr. Hilton broke new ground with excellent effect as Neil Mackinnon, the Highland seer. Mr. Arthur Elwood had a difficult task in personating the generosity and selfishness of Lord Arranmore, and succeeded to admiration; Mr. Calhaem furnished a clever bit of comedy as Angus-of-the-Dogs, a wandering ballad singer; Mr. Eardley Turner was genuinely and legitimately funny as an Irish Highlander, Mr. Scott Buist was lively and amusing as a rather rowdy young aristocrat, and all the subordinate parts were fairly played. The house is one of the prettiest and most comfortable in London, and Miss Jay begins her managerial campaign under very favourable auspices.


[Note: This review of The Blue Bells of Scotland was written by Oscar Wilde (Bibliography of Oscar Wilde by Stuart Mason. London: T. Werner Laurie Ltd. 1914 - p.45-47).]



St. James’s Gazette (14 September, 1887 - p.7)

     It is a somewhat old-fashioned play with which Mr. Robert Buchanan has supplied Miss Harriett Jay for the commencement of her season at the Novelty Theatre. A note on the programme admits that some of the characters and incidents in “The Blue Bells of Scotland,” as the piece is called, have been already utilized in the author’s prose romance “A Child of Nature,” and there is other evidence to suggest that the play is a revised version of one of Mr. Buchanan’s earlier dramatic works. The exposition, however, of the supposed wrongs of the Scotch crofters and the allusions to what Mr. Buchanan calls “the ruthless depopulation of the Highlands” are evidently intended, like his quaint illustration of military proceedings in Burma, to bring the story up to date. These matters, though they have no very intimate connection with the highly melodramatic plot of “The Blue Bells of Scotland,” serve nevertheless to give vivacity and variety to the five acts in which a rather trite tale of lordly villainy and humble virtue are set forth. The evil genius of the romance is Lord Arranmore, who, while his grasping agent is tyrannizing over his tenants, occupies himself, incognito, in an attempt to lead astray an honest Highland lassie named Mina Macdonald. Failing in this, his lordship calls to mind the methods of the old transpontine villain who, whenever he found himself crossed in his lawless love, was wont to cry, “Once aboard the lugger and she is mine!” So poor Mina is promptly abducted by Lord Arranmore and his minions, and is taken on his yacht to London, where her scruples are lulled by a sham marriage. To the villa in the Regent’s Park where she is installed by her betrayer she is followed by that nobleman’s fiancée, Lady Ethel Gordon, who enlightens her as to her true position, which is then further aggravated by the departure of the faithless lord to join his regiment in Burma. Th e unhappy girl’s frenzied flight affords an opportunity for the illustration of Shaftesbury-avenue by night, in which, as in the other tableaux of the piece, singularly effective use is made of the small stage. The strongest point of the action is reached in the hostile meeting between Arranmore and Mina’s brother Graham, who, burning to avenge his sister’s honour, has enlisted in her seducer’s regiment as the easiest way to bring matters to a crisis. In the scene which shows how patriotism prevails over personal animosity, and how the two foes fight their common enemies side by side, there is a good deal of improbability but plenty of sound dramatic purpose. The end of the play is somewhat mechanical in its fulfilment of poetic justice. Lord Arranmore dies, and Graham Macdonald succeeds not only to his title but to his betrothed wife, the Lady Ethel. Perhaps it would have been better to let him live and repent; for the position in which his death leaves the heroine—a widow who has never been an acknowledged wife—is hardly satisfactory. For this ill-used lady Miss Fortescue’s graceful simplicity and refined earnestness win hearty sympathy. Miss Fortescue’s acting has made a marked advance in ease and spontaneity since last she was seen by a London audience; and she makes quite the most of sentiment which is sometimes rendered rather perilous by the inflated dialogue in which it is expressed. Mr. Henry Neville as the gallant Graham is less successful, for some of his fervid speeches are received with more than a hint of ridicule. Mr. Elwood makes Arranmore a gentlemanly but half-hearted scoundrel. Miss Jay appears as Lady Ethel; Miss M. Stuart and Mr. Calhaem do well in the incidental sketches of Highland character which afford the freshest features of the production. There seems no good reason why, although “The Blue Bells of Scotland” began its career rather unluckily, it should fail to hold its own among pieces of its order.



The Lancashire Evening Post (14 September, 1887 - p.2)


                                                                                             LONDON, WEDNESDAY MORNING.

. . .

     I “assisted” at the reopening of the ill-starred Novelty Theatre. The pièce de résistance was “The Blue Bells of Scotland.” The author is Robert Buchanan, who robbed English poetry of a powerful and musical singer when he forsook the shrine of the rhyming muse and took to writing blood-and-thunder dramas. “The Blue Bells of Scotland” is a very old story told with a Scotch accent. A wicked lord abducts a lovely maiden, goes through the ceremony of a mock-marriage with her, deserts her, and is pursued into the jungle by her angry brother, who attempts to have the wicked lord’s blood, but in the face of the common danger of a surrounding enemy, changes his mind and agrees to stand back to back with the wicked nobleman, and cut his way through a miscellaneous collection of supernumerary savages. The irate brother returns home “covered with glory,” the wicked member of the House of Peers opportunely dies on his way home from Burmah, and the mock-marriage turns out to have been the genuine article after all. Everybody forgives everybody, evicted crofters are reinstated, and the curtain falls on “The Blue Bells of Scotland.” The whole thing is a pot-pourri of “Human Nature,” “Stormbeaten,” and “Lord Ullin’s Daughter.” There are some real dogs attached to a blind Caledonian ballad-monger, some real bag-pipes, and some real Highlanders from Donegal, Mayo, and the Seven Dials in the piece. I noticed with pleasure the improvement in the acting of Miss Fortescue, who is evidently capable of emotional portrayals. Her chance was a poor one as the heroine of “The Blue Bells of Scotland,” but she made the most of it. It was just a little too bad on the part of the author to put the prophecy into her foster-father’s mouth that “she would one day marry a lord.” This statement and the majority of the tragic situations of the piece proved too much for the risible nerves of the gods. “The Blue Bells of Scotland” ought never to have been rung at the Novelty.



The Aberdeen Journal (14 September, 1887 - p.5)



                                                                                         LONDON, Tuesday night.

     Mr Robert Buchanan’s new play is not, I fancy, calculated to hold the stage for long. “The Blue Bells of Scotland” is not without a certain native prettiness. It is spoiled by incomplete effort to emulate the scenic audacity of Mr Augustus Harris. This is all the more noticeable from the fact that the earlier acts lead up to quite a different kind of treatment, the fact proving that the drama was written a long time ago, when the kind of story which Mr Buchanan tells was popular and conceivable to the romance reading public. Upon this very old-fashioned tale Mr Buchanan has grafted a scene from the late naval expedition against the crofters, as well as a wing of an encampment of British troops in Burmah. In Mr Henry Neville we have an utterly impossible Highland laddie, and in Miss Fortescue an equally impossible Highland girl. In fact, the story is an odd mixture of “The Last of the Barons,” “Rob Roy,” the romances of Mr James Grant, “Lost in London,” and the realism of Mr Augustus Harris. Islington in the north rather than St James’s in the west would be more congenial ground for “The Blue Bells of Scotland,” that is upon the theory that the audience should be essentially Scotch. One naturally wonders that Mr Buchanan, when he had the crofters in hand, did not show us the working at the same time of Mr Bradlaugh’s Truck Act.



The Edinburgh Evening News (15 September, 1887 - p.4)


     “Scrutator,” in his remarks in this week’s Truth on theatrical matters, says Miss Mary Anderson is a beautiful posture-maker rather than an impressive actress. Draped by Alma Tadema in any classic play, she looks a lovely picture; trading on the tradition of masculine Charlotte Cushman, she makes only a fair actress. She has been abused for doubling the characters of Hermione and Perdita in “The Winter’s Tale.” It is inartistic, unnecessary, un-Shakespearean, and so forth. But for all that she is wise in her generation. In the first place, people go to the Lyceum to see the beautiful Mary Anderson and no one else; and if she could possibly play mother, daughter, and monthly-nurse, as well as the hapless child of Leontes, her admirers would be well pleased, and let art go hang. Mary Anderson’s idea of tragedy is surely a mistaken one. She possesses one or two deep chest notes which she keeps concealed, until suddenly, to the surprise of every one, she lets them out with a bang. This running down the key from shrill treble to deep bass may be a vocal tour de force, but it is not indicative of any emotion. It is like the quiet little man in the corner of the orchestra who expresses terror by a sudden whack on the big drum. Her Hermione is uninteresting and commonplace; her Perdita is sprightly and unimaginative. But in the art of posture she is unrivalled. If she could only act as well as she can attitudinise, she would be greater than Rachel, for Nature has given her gifts denied to her most brilliant predecessors.
     Regarding Miss Fortescue, “Scrutator” remarks: The secret is out. The Novelty Theatre has been re-established; and Miss Harriett Jay has gracefully consented to assume the office of manageress; Robert Buchanan has been asked to write up one of his old plays; Henry Neville, experienced in melodrama, has been engaged to act and direct; and pretty Miss Fortescue appears as a melodramatic heroine, abducted from the Highlands, decoyed into a mock marriage, pining in imprisonment in St John’s Wood, fainting between the London Pavilion and the Criterion, and wearing elaborate liberty gowns and rings worth a king’s ransom when starving with evicted peasants in the Highlands. This young lady is unquestionably pretty, and she is a far better actress than she was before she went to America. La Belle Fortescue is evidently in earnest; she has worked hard, and not unsuccessfully; and she now fairly ranks in the first line of our melo-dramatic heroines. But I would point out to her that when Mina Macdonald is living with a wicked nobleman in St John’s Wood, of course she may properly wear as many lovely tea-gowns as Bond Street can manufacture; but that the humble Scottish dependent of an evicted Highland family, the companion of peasants who are melting into tears because they cannot pay their rent, does not, as a rule, brave the Scottish mists in white muslin or contrast plaids and kilts and shawls and mufflers with æsthetic attire. With a little trouble “The Blue Bells of Scotland” might have been made into a play quite exciting and picturesque enough for the Adelphi or Princess’s. The play did not altogether deserve to be hissed. Its condemnation was in the laughter created by some of its silly scenes and bombastic dialogue. But it was hissed, and Robert Buchanan looked desperately angry.



The Stage (16 September, 1887 - p.16)


     On Monday, September 12, 1887, was produced here a new and original comedy-drama, in five acts, by Robert Buchanan, entitled:—

The Blue Bells of Scotland.

Graham Macdonald ... ... ...    Mr. Henry Neville
The Earl of Sedley   ... ... ...    Mr. William Lang
Hon. Sam Gordon    ... ... ...     Mr. Scott Buist
Lord Arranmore       ... ... ...     Mr. Arthur Elwood
Koll Nicolson          ... ... ...    Mr. Hilton
Angus-of-the-Dogs  ... ... ...    Mr. S. Calhaem
Peter Dalston            ... ... ...     Mr. G. Canninge
Neil Mackinnon       ... ... ...    Mr. F. Green
Rev. Mr. Freeland    ... ... ...     Mr. R. Johnson
Sergeant Milligan      ... ... ...     Mr. Eardley Turner
Corporal                 ... ... ...    Mr. Smith
Farringford              ... ... ...    Mr. Vivian
Corporal of Marines ... ... ...    Mr. F. Green
Sanderson                ... ... ...     Mr. White
Wylie                      ... ... ...    Mr. Victor
Policeman                ... ... ...     Mr. Black
Lady Ethel Gordon  ... ... ...     Miss Harriett Jay
Jessie Macfarlan     ... ... ...    Miss Marie Stuart
Burlington               ... ... ...    Miss Wingfield
Mina Macdonald     ... ... ...     Miss Fortescue

Miss Harriet Jay commenced her management of the above theatre with a play which the author informs the public is indebted for some of its characters and situations to a prose romance of his, “A Child of Nature,” and he also quotes recent history as to the incident of the Royal Marines refusing to assist the civil power in the eviction of the crofters of Skye. The plot runs thus:—Lord Arranmore has long been an absentee landlord from his Scotch estates, but, visiting them in his yacht, the vessel is likely to be lost, when Mina Macdonald puts off in her boat, and pilots it to safe  anchorage. She is sister to Graham, a cousin of the present owner of the lands, of which he is supposed to have been dispossessed by fraud. Struck by Mina’s beauty Lord Arranmore determines to possess her and gains her affections, but as she refuses to leave her home with him, he carries her off by force with the aid of Peter Dalston, his rascally grinding factor, who has also wished to marry her. In London we find Mina under the impression that she is a lawful wife, but Lady Ethel Gordon, who has been engaged to Lord Arranmore, undeceives her. Arranmore’s regiment is ordered on active service, and he leaves Mina distraught at the villainy that has been practised on her, when Dalston, to whose care she has been confided, appears on the scene and urges his detested suit upon her, even in the face of all that has happened. Mina escapes from the house and is rescued whilst wandering in London, by her brother, who has left the “Isles” in search of her, and who longs to avenge her wrongs. Finding that Lord Arranmore has sailed for Burmah, Graham, to follow him, enlists in his regiment, the 72nd Highlanders, and there they meet after an engagement in which the British troops have been beaten back by the Dacoits. Separated from the rest of the soldiers, Graham forces his officer to combat by striking him, and has just succeeded in disarming him, and holds him at his mercy, when some of the enemy approach. Graham forgets his private wrongs in a nobler sense of duty, and back to back he and his late foe defend themselves and are rescued by a detachment, but not before Lord Arranmore has been mortally wounded. On the voyage home on his death bed he admits that he was legally married to Mina, and Graham Macdonald returns to England. Having gained the Victoria Cross and otherwise greatly distinguished himself he calls to thank Lady Ethel for her kindness to his sister. From the time of Lady Ethel’s visit to his island home he has always loved her and even asked her to become his wife should he win a position in the world, and she on her part has fallen in love with him, but her engagement prevented her owning it. Now however, as he from diffidence makes no sign, she claims the privilege of Leap Year and proposes to him—(in a little scene that was charmingly acted by Miss Jay). A fresh surprise is in store; for Graham returning to the “Isles,” finds that Dalston is evicting the crofters and having them shipped off to America, among them Mina and her fosterfather, Koll Nicolson. Here it is that, having called in the aid of the marines to support the civil powers, the gallant fellows refuse to aid him in his tyranny, and his evil doings are put a stop to by the announcement that in consequence of Lord Arranmore’s death, Graham Macdonald being the next heir, all the property comes to him, and the curtain falls on the promise of future happiness for all, amidst the “Blue Bells of Scotland.” The play, which is supposed to be one of Mr. Buchanan’s earlier works, still bears evidence of youthful defects, which are not altogether compensated by the stirring incidents that are introduced, the improbabilities of some of which mar their introduction; and there is also much “fustian stuff” that could well be dispensed with, though as a whole it would in all likelihood prove thoroughly acceptable to provincial and suburban audiences. Mr. Henry Neville has lost none of his old fire, and made a gallant hero of Graham Macdonald. Miss Harriett Jay acted naturally and gracefully as Lady Ethel Gordon. Miss Fortescue looked winsome, but struck us as being cold and artificial. Mr. Arthur Elwood gave a fair picture of the libertine, yet half repentant, Lord Arranmore; and Mr. G. Canninge was sufficiently powerful as the hard- hearted Scotch factor. Miss Marie Stuart made the hit of the evening by her brightness and vivacity as a Scotch lassie, Jessie Macfarlan, and was frequently applauded. Mr. Scott Buist was very successful as the Hon. Sam Gordon, a rollicking, fun-loving young fellow with rather vulgar tastes, and Mr. Eardley Turner gave a very humorous sketch of an Irish-Highland sergeant. Mr. T. Calhaem and Mr. Hilton also lent efficient aid. The actors certainly did their best, and the scenery was all that could be desired, the village by the sea (Calcott), Shaftesbury Avenue by night (Yarnold), and the Jungle, Burmah (W. Perkins), all being artistic triumphs, but their beauty and the fair scene, the crowds and the skirmish, well managed as they were, were cramped by want of space, and did not give a fair chance to a class of play that certainly required a larger stage.



The Penny Illustrated Paper (17 September, 1887 - p.186)

     There was at the commencement every promise that Mr. Robert Buchanan’s new Highland drama, “The Blue Bells of Scotland,” would be the very play that was needed to reopen the Novelty with success on Monday night. There was a welcome freshness about the Highland village by the sea, where Miss Fortescue, as a wilful and pretty Highland lassie, first pilots the yacht of Lord Arranmore in safety to shore, and then excites in his breast such passionate admiration for her beauty that he boldly abducts her, and goes through a Langworthy marriage with her. Public sympathy was with the poetical dramatist against the ignoble factor who evicted the Crofters, and sought the hand of fair Mina Macdonald. But the play stumbled on transpontine lines when Lord Arranmore casts Mina adrift in a St. John’s Wood villa, and when all the principal characters last seen at the Highland villa chance by a remarkable series of coincidences to meet near the Pavilion Music-Hall. There Mina’s revengeful brother rescues his despairing sister from the grasp of the factor. Thence Graham Macdonald follows Lord Arranmore to Burmah as a private soldier; and is about to dispatch his Lordship in a duel when he is driven to use his sword against the enemy. Next-of-kin to Lord Arranmore, Graham Macdonald succeeds to the title; returns home with the V.C. to wed Lady Ethel Gordon (Miss Harriet Jay), and to arrest the wholesale evictions being carried out by Peter Dalston, the scheming factor (Mr. G. Canninge). Miss Fortescue was very charming in the Highland scenes as Mina Macdonald. Miss Harriett Jay acted in a charming light comedy vein as Lady Ethel Gordon. Brightest and most winsome lassie of all was Miss Marie Stuart (a decided acquisition to the London stage) as bonnie Jessie Macfarlane. Mr. Henry Neville was duly dignified and manly as Graham Macdonald; Mr. S. Calhaem’s Angus-of-the-Dogs was capital; and so was Mr. Hilton’s realistic old Highland fisherman, Koll Nicolson. Fresh and jolly was Mr. Scott Buist as the Hon. Sam Gordon. And Mr. Eardley Turner’s Sergeant Mulligan, the Irish Highlander, was an amusingly natural bit of humorous characterisation. With a revision of the London scenes, “The Blue Bells of Scotland” should yet do well. Mr. Howard Paul has made the house very comfortable in front, but should see to the further stall exit, which is rather circuitous.



The Era (17 September, 1887)

On Monday, September 12th, for the First Time,
a New and Original Comedy-Drama, in Five Acts,
by Robert Buchanan, entitled

Graham Macdonald ... ... ...    Mr HENRY NEVILLE
The Earl of Sedley   ... ... ...    Mr WILLIAM LANG
Hon. Sam Gordon    ... ... ...     Mr SCOTT BUIST
Lord Arranmore       ... ... ...     Mr ARTHUR ELWOOD
Koll Nicolson          ... ... ...    Mr HILTON
Angus-of-the-Dogs  ... ... ...    Mr S. CALHAEM
Peter Dalston            ... ... ...     Mr. G. CANNINGE
Neil Mackinnon       ... ... ...    Mr F. GREEN
Rev. Mr. Freeland    ... ... ...     Mr R. JOHNSON
Sergeant Milligan      ... ... ...     Mr EARDLEY TURNER
Corporal                 ... ... ...    Mr SMITH
Farringford              ... ... ...    Mr VIVIAN
Corporal of Marines ... ... ...    Mr F. GREEN
Sanderson                ... ... ...     Mr WHITE
Wylie                      ... ... ...    Mr VICTOR
Policeman                ... ... ...     Mr BLACK
Lady Ethel Gordon  ... ... ...    Miss HARRIET JAY
Jessie Macfarlan       ... ... ...     Miss MARIE STUART
Burlington                 ... ... ...     Miss WINGFIELD
Mina Macdonald     ... ... ...    Miss FORTESCUE

     The Novelty Theatre has been lately the home of amateurs, and has almost entirely lost its prestige as a regular place of amusement; and a piece produced there runs the risk of meeting with but scant justice from critics and public. It was certainly not the influence of the genius of the place which made us think Mr Robt. Buchanan’s comedy-drama The Blue Bells of Scotland, which was first played at the Novelty on Monday night last, one of the most earnest, wholesome, and interesting dramas which have been produced in London for some time past. That it espouses the cause of the Highland crofters, and attacks incidentally the greed of the “factor” and the indifference of the absentee landlord, will be no objection to it in the eyes of humane individuals; and that its scenes are for the most part laid in the little-known locality of the Scottish Highlands gives freshness to the stage-pictures we are shown and to the personages to whom we are introduced. Chief of these are Mina Macdonald, sister to Graham Macdonald, a young Scotchman whose family have been dispossessed of the estate of Corryveolan by some legal fraud or quibble which is not explained, and who is almost as poor as the peasantry of the little Scotch fishing village where the action commences. Graham has fallen in love with Lady Ethel Gordon, the daughter of the Earl of Sedley, but, on proposing to her, discovers that she is already engaged to the Earl of Arranmore, the absentee proprietor of the estate on which Graham is living, and the employer of Peter Dalston, a villainous agent who grinds the faces of the poor tenants, rack-rents the property, and pays his loathed attentions to Mina Macdonald. A yacht is seen in difficulties off the shore on which the village stands, and Mina, who is rowing in the bay, and knows its dangers, pilots the little vessel safely to shore, thus saving the life and assisting the arrival of Lord Arranmore, who visits Corryveolan incognito as “Mr Lawrence,” and falls in love with Mina, if the sacred name of love can be given to his libertine passion. Lady Ethel recognises her betrothed, but promises to keep the secret of his identity, and Lord Arranmore, failing to persuade Mina to elope with him, gets her by force on board his yacht, and carries her off to London after going through a sham marriage with her in Scotland. To the villa in Regent’s-park, where the deluded Mina is placed by his lordship, comes Lady Ethel, who soon disabuses the poor girl of her mistake as to the legal connection between herself and Lord Arranmore, who, being about to start for Burmah with his regiment, is not sorry to get rid of his “encumbrance.” With jackal-like servility, Dalston, who has come to London to warn Lord Arranmore that Graham Macdonald is on his track, offers to “make an honest woman” of Mina; but his proposal is rejected both by his master and by the girl herself, to whom he makes it after Lord Arranmore’s departure. Dalston is mean enough to resort to force; but Mina escapes out of his hands and betakes herself from Regent’s Park to Shaftesbury-avenue, where she is about to be “run in” by a member of the police force, when she faints. Dalston, turning up, takes charge of her, and is on the point of carrying her off in a cab when Graham Macdonald arrives and knocks him down. In the next act we are in Burmah, whither, as a private in the ranks, Graham Macdonald has followed Lord Arranmore. The British are repulsed by the Burmese, and Graham confronts Arranmore in the jungle, strikes him, and forces him to fight. Just as the young Scotchman beats down the seducer’s guard, the enemy approaches, and Graham, relinquishing for the present his revenge, joins with his adversary in repulsing the attacking force. In the last act Macdonald comes home with the Victoria Cross and the acknowledgment by Lord Arranmore, who has since died of his wounds, of Mina as his lawful wife, to hear the welcome news that he (Graham) has come into the inheritance of his forefathers; and Lady Ethel, taking advantage of Leap Year, proposes to her former suitor, and is accepted.
     In the course of the piece much “local colour” is introduced, such as a Highland reel and a sword dance, and the prevailing taste for realism is provided for by a picturesque view of Piccadilly-circus and the adjacent buildings. Considering the small size of the Novelty stage, the scenic effects were very well done, and would doubtless in a larger theatre have been still more effective.
     The cast was both capable and interesting. Mr Henry Neville is one of the very best exponents of chivalrous and manly character on the English stage, and the part of Graham Macdonald is admirably suited to the display of his powers. Whether chatting to the villagers, making love with true Highland fervour, denouncing aristocratic failings and absentee barbarity, or crossing swords with his enemy in the Burmese jungle, Mr Neville was the same spirited, forcible, and finished actor that we have known him to be for many years. Miss Fortescue, as Mina Macdonald, showed how much can be done by practice to supply the want of marked ability. Her performance was intelligent, well-balanced, and accomplished, and she looked extremely pretty in all her dresses. Mr Arthur Elwood played the profligate Lord Arranmore to the life, and suggested with great skill the half-sullen character of the aristocratic libertine. Mr Scott Buist, though inclined to be restless and effusive, showed decided improvement on certain previous efforts; and Mr Hilton was picturesque and natural as Koll Nicolson, an old fisherman with the gift of second sight. Another character sketch was executed with remarkable skill by Mr S. Calhaem, whose representation of the wandering ballad singer, Angus-of-the- Dogs, was highly finished and dryly humorous. Mr G. Canninge as Peter Dalston was intensely villainous without being melodramatic, and gave the Edinburgh accent admirably; and Mr Eardley Turner was really droll as Sergeant Milligan. Miss Harriet Jay played Lady Ethel Gordon with neatness and intelligence; and Miss Marie Stuart as the Highland lassie, Jessie Macfarlan, gave one of the most natural and amusing sketches of Scotch female character we ever remember seeing. She caught the true characteristics of the “pawky” Scottish girl, and her impersonation was as delicate in detail as it was dryly humorous in conception. The spirited execution of the Highland sword dance in the second act by Misses Nelly Mordecai and Rosie Hall must not go unpraised, and deserved the encore it evoked. Care was noticeable in all the details of the production, and the efforts of the author and Mr Henry Neville in this connection deserve warm commendation. The Blue Bells of Scotland is a piece which is likely to do well in the provinces, where its vigorous action, earnestness of purpose, and vein of manly chivalry would appeal powerfully to the sympathies of popular audiences.



The Athenæum (17 September, 1887)



     LYCEUM.—Revival of ‘The Winter’s Tale.’
     NOVELTY.—’The Blue Bells of Scotland,’ a Romantic Drama
in Five Acts. By Robert Buchanan.
     TOOLE’S.—Revival of ‘Dandy Dick,’ a Farce in Three Acts.
By A. W. Pinero.—Production of ‘Woman’s Wrongs,’ a
One-Act Comedietta, By A. M. Heathcote.

. . .

     Mr. Buchanan’s new drama is a curiously composite production. It has a backbone of old-fashioned melodrama, a political moral, and some accessories of extravaganza or comic opera. The moral is of no special importance. An unjust and unscrupulous steward is no new figure on the stage, and whether the objects of his persecution be, as in the present case, Highland crofters, or, as in dramas of an earlier date, farmers who have “fallen on evil days,” is a mere matter of detail. With regard to the accessories the case is different. These are wholly burdensome. The seer who, like a male and an elderly Cassandra, predicts the evils he cannot prevent, is a wearisome old gentleman; the ragged Blondel, who, in the dress of a gaberlunzie man, sings in the London ways regardless of the persecution of the street arabs, and so finds out the imprisoned heroine, runs him hard in the race of dulness; and the peasants, who alternate between impotent curses at their oppressors and reels on the village green, arrest the action and supply no local colour worth preserving.
     Mr. Buchanan has, indeed, written for the gallery. For its sake he has introduced pictures of a London street in which, like many a predecessor, the heroine sinks fainting and helpless; for its sake he has deluged his piece with conventional jingoism and burdened it with song and dance. He is capable of very much better work. His story, a portion of which he owns to have already used in his “prose romance ‘A Child of Nature,’” has some elements of interest. Its opening scenes show a lady betrayed by a nobleman in some fashion such as that which has obtained recently a succès de scandale in the law courts. Subsequent scenes, in which the brother follows to Burmah the betrayer of his sister, and in presence of a foreign foe saves the life he had gone out to take, have spirit, and the close administers poetical justice. These things compressed into the period of the “two hours’ traffic of our stage” would probably please the public. The minstrels and the seers must, however, away, or must be treated in a totally different fashion. It is a curious fact that the most agreeable scene is one of transcendent improbability, in which the daughter of an earl makes, on her knees, a formal proposal of marriage to a private soldier. This owes much to the manner in which it was acted by Miss Jay, who displays commendable brightness. Miss Fortescue as the heroine is deficient in pathos, but plays with sincerity and effect. Mr. henry Neville is characteristically gallant as the hero, a Highlander, but, except that he has generally with him a plaid, thrown over his shoulder, reveals little of the Scotchman. Miss Marie Stuart, who plays with much cleverness a Scottish maiden who might almost have stepped out of a farcical comedy by Mr. Gilbert, succeeds in assigning the piece such Scottish colour as it possesses. ‘The Blue Bells of Scotland’ obtained rather a stormy reception.



The Saturday Review (17 September, 1887)


MR. ROBERT BUCHANAN has not hitherto shown great capacity for playwriting, but he has never before descended to the level he reaches in The Blue Bells of Scotland. If the author desired a test as to the forbearance of audiences, he has fulfilled his object. Audiences, it has now been ascertained, will not endure placidly such rubbish as this. But that the piece should be gravely put forward as if for the entertainment of playgoers is a really incomprehensible proceeding. The story of the disguised lord who runs away with the virtuous peasant maiden, and goes through a pretended ceremony of marriage, is among the tritest incidents of fiction. If it were worth while to trace comparisons, it might be shown that there is a good deal of the plot of Linda di Chamounix in The Blue Bells of Scotland; but readers would not be edified, and it does not matter much where plays of this sort come from. That the virtuous peasant should be set up in a St. John’s Wood villa is well enough. But what we do not know—and never shall know, unless Mr. Buchanan is kind enough to tell us—is how it happens that the heroine, the hero, one of the villains, and other unlikely persons, all turn up with one accord at the same time one evening in Piccadilly Circus? A drama in which the heroine is simply left a widow when the curtain falls is obviously crude in construction. Mr. Neville plays the villain’s next-of-kin, heir to the lord’s Scotch estates, with his accustomed energy. Miss Fortescue gives a quiet representation of the heroine, and Miss Jay appears as an earl’s daughter, who has been badly brought up and is lamentably deficient in refinement.



The Illustrated London News (17 September, 1887 - p.2)


     Miss Harriett Jay, authoress, novelist, dramatist, and actress, has assumed the management of the pretty little Novelty Theatre, and opened it with a new play, called “The Blue Bells of Scotland,” by Robert Buchanan. No one can accuse the new manageress of selfishness, for she is contented to take a small comedy character, which she plays with a bright sense of humour and genuine charm of manner. The dramatic heroine of the new venture is Miss Fortescue, who appears as a pretty Scotch maiden, a girl tempted away from her home by a handsome peer, cajoled into a mock marriage, deserted in London, and ultimately taken home to live forgiven by her friends. As an actress, Miss Fortescue has certainly improved; but she yet wants confidence and experience to undertake a character of this importance. Abducted maidens of this pattern usually have a protector in a gray-haired father or a broken-hearted lover. This time it is a gallant Highland brother who vows vengeance on his sister’s lover, follows him to the wars in Burmah, and is on the point of killing him when the Englishmen are attacked by the natives, and the enemies fight side by side for their country’s cause. There is surely something strangely like this story in another dress in Mr. Buchanan’s “Storm Beaten.” The sentiment is precisely the same and the characters in the same relative positions. A chivalrous hero of this pattern is naturally assumed by Mr. Henry Neville, who plays with remarkable vigour, and never allows the spirit of the story to flag. The opening scenes of the play are found to be the most tedious, because they are overdone with Scotch dialect and character; but many of the prosy bores of the play can be forgiven for a really humorous personation of a rustic flirt by Miss Mary Stuart, who at once ingratiated herself with her audience, and made the acting success of the evening. Considering the limited space at command, wonders have been done with the scenery; but it seems a pity that a play with so many good ideas in it had not been saved for careful revision of dialogue and a prospect of its production at a first-class melodramatic theatre. It sounds to the practised ear as if the drama had been written originally some years ago, and had been suddenly brought out to try its chance in these days of harmless sensation. The public, at the present moment, have too much to do with the troubles of the evicted Irishman to sympathise very much with the evicted Highlander. The sorrows of the Emerald Isle are quite enough, without forcing on our attention the misery of “bonny Scotland.” At this rate, pessimism becomes a little tedious. When the Principality of Wales puts its grievances into dramatic shape, England’s cup of misery will be full. However, the play is pure, which is one good thing; it has a real hero and heroine; and its incidents are not more improbable than in the most popular of melodramas. Miss Harriett Jay has shown, at any rate, that she can make the best of the literary goods that are offered to her, for she mounts the play remarkably well and sees that it is well acted.



Sunderland Daily Echo (17 September, 1887 - p.4)

     “Never prophesy unless you know” ought to be the theatrical tipster’s motto. From what I had heard of “The Blue Bells of Scotland,” I certainly thought it would prove a great success. Influenced by the glowing accounts I received from the members of the company, I ventured to predict that the Novelty would at last score a boundary hit, but, alas, I was too sanguine. A large and attentive first night audience was attracted by the name and fame of Mr Robert Buchanan, only to find that his latest effort was a hash-up of the old material which had done duty for ages in the transpontine drama, and the curtain which had risen before an eager and expectant audience fell to a mingled accompaniment of applause and hisses. Everything was done to ensure success. The house has been very prettily decorated, and the company, headed by Henry Neville, Miss Harriet Jay, and Miss Fortescue, worked heartily together, but “The Blue Bells of Scotland” will never attract playgoers for any lengthened time in the Queen-street Theatre.



Reynolds’s Newspaper (18 September, 1887)


     Let the author’s note, which appears upon the playbill of “The Blue Bells of Scotland”—the new comedy-drama with which Miss Harriett Jay commenced her management of this house on Monday night—tell its own story, or rather as much of the old hackneyed story on which its incidents are loosely strung together, as is worth the telling. It says, “Some of the characters and situations in ‘The Blue Bells of Scotland’ have been already utilized in the author’s prose romance, ‘A Child of Nature.’ The leading incident of the earlier acts, that of the abduction of a Highland girl by an English nobleman yachting in the North, is founded, to a certain extent, on facts. So far as the play may seem to have a political bearing, it is written in the interest of no party, for Liberals and Conservatives alike are agreed in execrating many of the Highland evictions; perhaps the strongest protests on the subject having been uttered by staunch Tories like Professor Blackie. The ruthless depopulation of the Highlands is a theme which appeals to humanity in general, apart altogether from political bias.” If, like other mistaken dramatists who have gone before him, Mr. Buchanan’s intention was to point a moral rather than adorn a tale, long before his play was over he must have discovered that his audience cared not a jot for what he put before them if it failed to amuse, and his high-flown periods—his penny plain and two-penny coloured delineation of character—moved only to laughter and ridicule. On the other hand, so long as the author kept within the limits of comedy, all went well, for his dialogue was bright, amusing, and natural, and was fortunate in its delivery by those to whom it was chiefly entrusted—to wit, Miss Marie Stuart, a bonnie Scotch lassie, with a pretty musical voice, who we believe to be a novice on the London boards; Mr. Scott Buist, a young and clever actor; and Mr. Eardley Turner, whose sergeant in a Highland regiment was as good in its way as was his Touchstone, of which we made favourable mention in our record of last Saturday’s theatricals. As the hero of the story, Mr. Henry Neville, who, in spite of Old Time, remains at the head of our romantic jeunes premiers, raised the part of Graham Macdonald, the brother of the abducted Mina, from the depths of that bathos into which Mr. Buchanan’s ponderous phraseology now and again threatened to smother it, making it a human and interesting impersonation. His best bit of work was given in a scene representing a jungle in Burmah, where, after challenging Lord Arranmore, his sister’s abductor, to mortal combat, he defends him from the attacks of dacoits, a repeat of an incident in the Drury Lane drama, “Human Nature.” Mr. Neville’s natural representation of chivalrous courtesy was also of good service in his love-making scene of the last act, wherein the object of his affections rewards all his gallant and virtuous deeds of the four preceding ones with the gift of her hand. The role—viz., that of Lady Ethel Gordon—was pleasantly and unobtrusively represented by Miss Harriett Jay, who, in Act 2, was upholstered in a wadded scarlet petticoat, and draped in the skin of some white-coated animal, for all the world like an item in an expensive drawing-room suite. Like Mr. Neville’s, one of her best scenes was that of the love-making in Act 5. Miss Fortescue, acting as the heroine, Mina, was not remarkable, but her singing, à la Marguerite, at her spinning-wheel, decidedly was, and here the “Blue Bells” became decidedly

“Jangled, out of tune, and harsh.”

There may be differences of opinion as to the lady’s beauty and as to her acting talent. Anent her vocalism, none. Mr. George Canninge, handicapped with the most absurd lines of the play, nevertheless contrived to make a good character part of relentless crofter hater, persistent love-maker of the heroine, and steward and toady to the reigning Lord of Arranmore. As the seducer of female beauty and aristocratic cad of the play, Mr. Arthur Elwood cannot be complimented; but other parts were effectively filled, and two young ladies, Miss Nelly Mordecai and Miss Rosie Hall, won a deserved encore for their “Highland sword dance.” A gentleman who, as Mrs. Brown would say, “seemed to play entire by his ears,” obliged with the bagpipes, and the scenery was far more ambitious than the Novelty Theatre has before attempted, representing amongst its scenes a village by the sea, a fair in the Scottish Highlands, the Shaftesbury- avenue, with a view of the illuminated Pavilion Music Hall—which, by the way, Mr. Buchanan tells us is but five minutes’ walk from the Regent’s-park—and a military outpost in Burmah. Both the sun and the moon, however, which figure in these scenes, like the play itself, want cutting. At the close of the performance, a large portion of the audience indulged in the sport of author-baiting. Miss Jay has redecorated and made the Novelty a very pretty and comfortable house; but we are afraid that Mr. Buchanan’s new comedy-drama is scarcely likely to prove more attractive than the majority of ventures hitherto tried at this ill-starred house. As for the comedy-drama’s title, it might as appropriately have been styled “The Bells of Corneville,” “The Bells of Haslemere,” or “The Bells that go Ringing for Sarah.”



The Birmingham Daily Post (27 September, 1887 - p.8)

     THE HIGHLAND CROFTER QUESTION.—The Central News learns that a syndicate, composed of Highland members of Parliament and prominent Highlanders, is about to be formed to produce throughout the country, and afterwards in the United States and in the colonies, Mr. Robert Buchanan’s drama, “The Blue Bells of Scotland,” now on the boards of the Novelty Theatre, London. The object aimed at is to interest the public at home and abroad in the Highland crofter question.



The Lancashire Evening Post (28 September, 1887 - p.2)

     A funny story is going the round concerning Mr. Robert Buchanan’s new play, “The Blue Bells of Scotland,” a notice of which appeared in this column. Mr. Buchanan announces on the first page of the bill of the play that the incidents are largely founded on fact. Now, of the two villains who nightly secure the hisses of Novelty audiences one is a factor whose chief delight is in evicting crofters and firing their desolated homesteads. The London correspondent of the Liverpool Daily Post states that a well-known Highland factor has heard all about the play and its villains, and has instructed an agent learned in such matters to visit the Novelty and report the result of his observation. The Highland factor, who, I suppose, would never dream of entering a place of amusement, intends, so says the correspondent to the Post, to vindicate his honour if the likeness turns out to be a “speaking” one.



The Devon and Exeter Daily Gazette (29 September, 1887 - p.2)

     The average newspaper reader has long grown accustomed to taking his politics from his favourite paper, and it is quite a new thing to use the stage for the political propaganda. It is to be done, however, and now that Mr. Robert Buchanan’s “Blue Bells of Scotland” is failing to draw at the Novelty Theatre, it has occurred to some gentlemen of warm sympathies with the grievances of the Crofters that it would be well to secure that the play should be performed in the provinces and the United States. I hear that a syndicate of prominent Highlanders, headed by Dr. Clarke, M.P., is now making the necessary financial arrangements. I should have thought, though the piece is not exactly to the taste of the London playgoer, that it would have stood on its own merits. There is, perhaps, a little too much of the Crofters’ grievance in it, but it has some genuinely strong dramatic situations.



The Stage (30 September, 1887 - p.13)

     Mr. Robert Buchanan, in addition to his many gifts, has apparently acquired that of divination. He has discovered that the critics who did not like his earnest play, The Blue Bells of Scotland, “pooh-poohed” it with an effort because of political bias. So he has hired some Scotch crofters to act as supers, and has secured a syndicate to stump the play on political grounds. Most sensible people think that the less the stage has to do with politics the better. Perhaps the syndicate will discover this, also, in due time, and the critics may be left to themselves until they next meet Robert Buchanan at the Haymarket, when they will be invited by the management to pooh-pooh the new play, Partners, or to praise it. I trust the latter!



Aberdeen Evening Express (1 October, 1887 - p.2)


     The arrangements for the production of Mr Robert Buchanan’s new Scottish drama, “The Blue Bells of Scotland,” in the provinces, with genuine crofters in the eviction and other Highland scenes, are, I understand, nearly completed. The matter has been taken in hand by a syndicate of gentlemen well known in connection with the crofter movement, including two members of Parliament representing Scotch constituencies.—London Cor.



The Theatre (1 October, 1887)


A new and original Comedy-Drama, in Five Acts, by ROBERT BUCHANAN.
Produced at the Novelty Theatre, September 12, 1887.

Graham Macdonald ...    Mr. Henry Neville
The Earl of Sedley   ...    Mr. William Lang
Hon. Sam Gordon    ...   Mr. Scott Buist
Lord Arranmore       ...   Mr. Arthur Elwood
Koll Nicolson          ...    Mr. Hilton
Angus-of-the-Dogs  ...    Mr. S. Calhaem
Peter Dalston            ...   Mr. G. Canninge
Neil Mackinnon       ...    Mr. F. Green
Rev. Mr. Freeland    ...   Mr. R. Johnson
Sergeant Milligan      ...   Mr. Eardley Turner

Corporal                 ...    Mr. Smith
Farringford              ...    Mr. Vivian
Corporal of Marines ...    Mr. F. Green
Sanderson                ...   Mr. White
Wylie                      ...    Mr. Victor
Policeman                ...    Mr. Black
Lady Ethel Gordon  ...    Miss Harriett Jay
Jessie Macfarlan       ...   Miss Marie Stuart
Burlington                 ...   Miss Wingfield
Mina Macdonald       ...   Miss Fortescue

     With fresh upholstery and regilding, the handsome foyer adorned by some good pictures, and a new act-drop by Mr. A. Calcott, Miss Harriett Jay, the manageress of the pretty little theatre in Great Queen Street, has many of the surroundings that should lead to success. But it is very questionable whether on such a small stage as she has at her command it was wise to produce such an elaborate play as the one under notice, and also whether it is fitted for a house which, from its size, appears to be the home for light comedietta and vaudeville. “The Blue Bells of Scotland” is a melodrama of the old pattern, containing incidents and situations which lend themselves to display on a large scale, and which do not bear cramping. Hence, in a great measure, it was not so acceptable as under other circumstances it might have been. Besides this, the wrongs of the crofters and their sufferings appear overdrawn—some of the dialogue is bombastic, and is evidently what was written by Mr. Buchanan when he was a young man. Much of the plot, the author owns, is taken from his prose romance, “A Child of Nature,” and follows the fortunes of Mina Macdonald, a lovely girl of good but decayed family, who lives with her foster-father, Koll Nicolson, in the Scottish Highlands. Her brother, Graham, is the next heir to the Arranmore estates, now held by an absentee landlord, who deputes his power to a griping factor, Peter Dalston. Lord Arranmore at length comes North for the shooting, sees Mina, who falls in love with him; but as she will not leave her home he carries her off by force to London. On the journey he goes through the ceremony of what he fancies is a mock marriage, and, under this idea, he tells her she is no wife when they have lived together some time, and, being ordered on foreign service, leaves her to the tender mercies of Dalston. To escape his odious proposals, for he is also madly in love with her, Mina rushes from the house, and is found straying, homeless, in Piccadilly at night by her brother, who is in search of her and her betrayer. In pursuit of the latter, Graham follows him to Burmah, having enlisted in his regiment. There, regardless of discipline, he forces his officer to fight with him, but as they are attacked by the enemy, he forgets his sister’s wrongs, and back to back they defend themselves from their assailants. Lord Arranmore dies of his wounds, but not before he has admitted that Mina is really his wife, and Graham Macdonald returns home with a V.C., and to find himself in possession of the Arranmore estates, at which he arrives in time to stay the evictions that are being ruthlessly enforced by Peter Dalston; and engaged to Lady Ethel Gordon, who, it being Leap Year, has proposed to him, fearing that as she has once refused him he will not renew his suit.
     But little fault could be found with any of the acting. Mr. Henry Neville threw his accustomed energy and skill into his character. Miss Fortescue, if a little cold, looked very beautiful, and showed much improvement. Miss Harriett Jay was ladylike and graceful, and displayed considerable tact in the somewhat risky scene of her proposal to her lover. Mr. Arthur Elwood was sufficiently a roué as Lord Arranmore, and Mr. G. Canninge as hard-hearted as the most exacting could require. One of the brightest performances was that of Miss Marie Stuart (a new comer to London) as the Scotch lassie, Jessie Macfarlan, and I was very much pleased with the hearty manner in which Mr. Scott Buist played the Hon. Sam. Gordon, a rather rapid young aristocrat, with an eye for a pretty girl and a love for a joke. As to the scenery, it was really beautiful and worthy of Messrs. Calcott, Yarnold, and Perkins; the stage management was excellent, the groups well managed and the fight in the jungle realistic. But, with all this, I am afraid Mr. Buchanan’s work will hardly fill the coffers of the Novelty, whatever it may do for provincial managers, to whom I think it might prove very acceptable.

                                                                                                                                             CECIL HOWARD.



The New York Mirror (1 October, 1887 - p.10)

London News and Gossip.

LONDON, Sept. 15.

. . .

     On Monday night Harriet Jay, author of several plays and novels and sister-in-law to Robert Buchanan, commenced her management of the Novelty Theatre in Lincoln’s Inn, by the production of a new comedy drama nailed up by the said Buchanan and entitled The Blue Bells of Scotland. This proved to be something of a play with a purpose, for it dealt largely with the Highland “Crofter” question, which some time ago agitated all and sundry. In the story of the Blue Bells, etc., we are shown a highly-strung, but hard up hero, who is the rightful heir to certain Scotch estates of enormous dimensions; a wrongful owner of the same, called Lord Arranmore, who, after being an absentee landlord for years and allowing all sorts of oppression and evictions to proceed in his name, suddenly appears upon the estates and at once abducts the rightful heir’s sister by bearing her aboard his lugger—here called his yacht. He inveigles the pure lassie into a mock marriage; then hands her over to his rascally steward, and then proceeds to Burmah to fight for his Queen. Out here, however, he comes face to face with the heroic Avenger, who has joined the ranks on purpose to hunt the seducer down. The men eventually, after a sharp battle with the local enemy, confront each other in the jungle, just as Terriss meets Cartwright in the new Adelphi success, The Bells of Haslemere; but just as he is about to stab him in combat and under the fifth rib, lo and behold you! the enemy is heard approaching again, and so the would-be Avenger hands the seducer back his sword and they face the foe together. Anon, the wicked lord repents and dies while homeward bound, and the long defrauded Avenger comes into his own again and marries a titled lady to whom the wicked lord was betrothed before he carried off the hero’s sister.

* * *

     The Blue Bells, etc., had many good points, especially in its comic business and dialogue. Also it had more than one good situation. These, however, were spoilt by a superabundance of ultra-romantic dialogue—too much “Hieland” singing and dancing, a totally unnecessary street-snow scene, several absurd attempts at London realism, and, above all, by utterly bad acting by the heroine (Miss Fortescue, of Garmoyle fame) and by the villain (A. Elwood). Henry Neville and Miss Jay played well; so did the comic people; but their earnestness was all but wasted.



The Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News (8 October, 1887 - p.19,22)


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[Notice from The Times (8 October, 1887 - p.8).]


The Daily News (10 October, 1887)

     From a remarkable official announcement it would appear that the destinies of the new play entitled “The Blue Bells of Scotland” are in the hands of a “syndicate formed by Highland gentlemen and members of Parliament,” and that in accordance with a wish expressed by these irresistible persons, “that popular drama” is temporarily withdrawn previous to its reproduction in a larger theatre. Withdrawals equally premature of dramas equally popular are not wholly unknown to the annals of the stage; but this is, if we mistake not, the first time that such reasons as these have been officially given. The immediate result has been the rather sudden closing of the Novelty Theatre.



The Globe (10 October, 1887 - p.1)


     Mr. Robert Buchanan’s drama, “The Blue Bells of Scotland,” was performed for the last time, as far as the Novelty Theatre is concerned, on Saturday evening. It has been taken up, it seems, by some enthusiastic politicians, who propose to send it round the country, with a view to arousing sympathy with the cause of the Scotch crofters. Those parts of the play which have reference to the Scotch land question are, we gather, to be elaborated, and Mr. Buchanan is to figure, apparently, as the author of a drama written for the advancement of a political purpose. He disclaimed any such purpose when the work was brought out at the Novelty; it will be interesting to note whether, in its avowedly political form, it will continue to be described on the bills as “by Robert Buchanan.” From the tactical point of view, the aforesaid enthusiasts are not to be blamed, for undoubtedly a drama with a political bias might conceivably be made to influence the less intelligent class of voter. “It’s Never too late to Mend” did a good deal to bring the maladministration of prisons into prominence; and possibly “Drink,” by the same author, was the means of bringing home to a certain number the frightful results of chronic drunkenness. But obviously the game is one in which the champions of both sides of a controversy might legitimately take part. Mrs. Craik once wrote a novel in support of marriage with a deceased wife’s sister: another author might have pictured quite as successfully the evils of such unions. And so with playwrights. If it is open to one of them to portray landlords as grasping and tenants as suffering, it is equally open to another to do exactly the reverse—with at least equal truth.



The Era (15 October, 1887)

     WITHIN a few hours after the falling of the curtain Miss Harriett Jay and Mr Buchanan received half a dozen distinct offers for the country rights of Fascination, and accepted the most favourable, that made by Messrs Miller and Elliston. Miss Jay will play in the comedy during its London run, and afterwards tour with it in the chief provincial towns, previous to which, however, she will appear at the Grand Theatre, Islington, with Mr Henry Neville, in The Blue Bells of Scotland.



The Entr’acte (22 October, 1887 - p.5)

     Mr. Robert Buchanan’s trifling, “Fascination,” is more likely to prosper at the Novelty than the “Blue Bells of Scotland,” a design which could not be comfortably accommodated on this stage. At Drury Lane, the “Blue Bells of Scotland” would have stood a better chance, for here it would have been pruned of those comedy excrescences which were not funny in themselves, and which seriously obstructed the action of the drama. I hope Miss Jay will succeed at the Novelty, for she is an amiable and clever lady, and, moreover, does her best to deserve success. Whoever brings triumph to the Novelty, however, will have to put his or her best foot forward.



The Stage (28 October, 1887 - p.13)

     The company playing The Blue Bells of Scotland at the Grand this week are substantially the same as when the play was produced at the Novelty last month, with the exception that Miss Marie Stuart is now replaced in the part of Jessie Macfarlan by Miss Minnie Bell, who plays the sprightly Scotch lassie with brightness and animation.



The Era (29 October, 1887)


     It was quite in accordance with the eternal fitness of things that Mr Pennington, an able actor, and one of the surviving heroes of the famous Balaclava Charge, should have a complimentary benefit on Tuesday, the anniversary of the said charge; but it was quite out of accord with any fitness at all that the public announcement should have given two o’clock as the time of commencement, while the programmes put it at a quarter past that hour. Time nowadays is precious, and he who is led by misrepresentation into wasting fifteen minutes has some reason to grumble. The theatre had been kindly lent for the occasion by Mr J. F. Sheridan, and there was a fair attendance. After an overture by the orchestra, directed by Herr Meyer Lutz, there was presented the Burmah Act from Mr Robert Buchanan’s drama The Blue Bells of Scotland. Mr Henry Neville most distinguished himself as Graham Macdonald, the determined brother, who in the jungle gets the opportunity he has so longed for, and makes such poor use of it when he comes face to face with the man who has so cruelly wronged his sister. Mr Neville’s supporters were Mr Scott Buist as the Hon. Sam Gordon, Mr Eardley Turner as Sergeant Milligan, and Mr A. Elwood as Lord Arranmore. Mr James Fernandez subsequently gave his admirable and now familiar recital of “The Pride of Battery B,” and was followed by Miss Millward, who displayed unlooked-for power, and fairly electrified the house by a magnificent rendering of “The Charge of the Light Brigade.” We do only bare justice to the clever young actress when we say that we have never heard the Poet Laureate’s world- famous lines given more effectively. Mr Leo Stormont’s fine voice was heard to much advantage in Pinsuti’s song “Queen of the Earth.” “The Pennington March,” specially composed for the occasion by Mr H. Duggan, having been played, there was performed Shakespeare’s diverting comedy


. . .

In the concluding part of the programme Mr Hayden Coffin sang “Queen of my Heart,” and was encored. Mr Charles Collette provoked laughter with some jaw-graphical patter; Miss Harriett Jay gave with much feeling, but hardly sufficient force, Mr Robert Buchanan’s touching poem called “Nell;” Miss Letty Lind won enthusiastic applause for her clever rendering of the well-known “polyglot Love” song and of “En Revenant de la Revue;” and Mr E. J. Lonnen obliged with his funny interpretation of Mr Robert Martin’s funny song from Miss Esmeralda, “Killaloe.” Miss Marion Hood, Mr J.  L. Shine, and the Two Macs were announced, but did not appear.



The Sheffield Evening Telegraph (29 October, 1887 - p.2)

     AN awesome and mysterious change has come over the spirit of the Highlanders of Scotland. But a few years ago they were walking in virtue’s straitest path, and shunning the temptations of the world with an earnestness which men might mock, but could not deny. Then they looked upon the Southrons, and especially those hailing from cities, as children of darkness, to tread in whose footsteps was the surest road to destruction. Trained up in a narrow and gloomy school of thought, they regarded all that was light and fanciful as a device of the Evil One. Music in the kirk was an abhorrence to their souls, and the phillipics with which DEMOSTHENES denounced the Macedonian conqueror were mild compared with the torrents of wrathful eloquence which the orthodox Highlander poured upon that sinful thing, “the kist o’ whistles.” But even a church organ failed to stir the Gaelic wrath to its lowest deeps. That was only done by touching upon the subject of the stage. Then assuredly were the floodgates of ferocity opened, and then were the vials of unquenchable Highland horror and hatred discharged against the “godless and soul-destroying play-acting,” which the Gael has learnt from his minister to revile. That was the state of things in the past. What they are in the present may be gathered from the fact that the Glendale men of Skye have met and adopted a resolution thanking Mr. ROBERT BUCHANAN for his new play, in which a vivid dramatic representation is given of the wrongs of the Crofters. This decision betokens an absolute revolution in Highland customs and beliefs, and will be received with positive terror by the adherents of the “auld licht.” Which is right and which wrong is a matter of opinion, but as a phenomenon and a sign of how the wind is blowing in the Highlands the Glendale resolution is interesting.



St. James’s Gazette (29 October, 1887 - p.5)




     SIR,—On a certain Monday evening recently I assisted, with some other longsuffering members of that race of martyrs called dramatic critics, at a mournful function at the Novelty Theatre. The occasion was the production of a play entitled “The Blue Bells of Scotland.” Why the author of this “new and original comedy-drama” entitled it “The Blue Bells of Scotland” was one of the riddles set for the martyrs aforesaid and the public to solve. There was a general impression on the first night that the title was chosen because it sounded well; and that “The Palm-trees of Burma” or “The Daisies of Shaftesbury-avenue” would have suited the play as a title quite as well. But subsequent occurrences have shown how wrong this frivolous theory was.
     It seems that the play, which a mocking London audience received with light-hearted chaff, is really a serious political engine. In a preparatory “Author’s Note,” printed on the programme, allusion was made to the question of the crofters’ grievances. It was stated that, “So far as the play may seem to have a political bearing, it is written in the interest of no party; for Liberals and Conservatives alike are agreed in execrating many of the Highland evictions; perhaps the strongest protests on the subject having been uttered by staunch Tories like Professor Blackie.” By way of illustrating the entire impartiality of the author, we are accordingly introduced to a very pleasing “factor”—as the steward of a landed proprietor is called in Scotland—and to a bloated aristocrat, who are presumably to be considered types of their class. The latter oppresses his tenants and runs away with their pretty sisters; the former exacts rack-rents, evicts the tenantry, burns their cottages, and drives them to desperation and emigration. On the other hand, the evicted are noble and chivalrous. One old gentleman, named Nicolson, is a seer. His second sight is a marvel; and if he could only set up as a prophet in certain circles where a good article of that sort is in great demand, he would reduce betting on horse-races to a farce.
     This remarkable play does not seem to have been an overwhelming success. But eh eager eye of the Scottish Home Ruler saw possibilities in it which the shallow Cockney never dreamed of. It has been announced that arrangements have been made with the author by which a syndicate of Home Rulers, including one or more of the crofter members of Parliament, will run the piece in order to open the eyes of the public to the real character of Scottish landlords, factors, and crofters. Since the days when Cromwell permitted “the cruelty of the Spaniards in Peru” to be represented, from political motives, surely no more grotesque use has been made of the influence of the stage. Yet, at a meeting held in the Glendale (Skye) Public School in support of Home Rule for Scotland, we are told that

     Mr. McPherson, the “Glendale Martyr,” moved the following resolution:—“That this meeting expresses its best thanks to Mr. Robert Buchanan for the effective manner in which he has dramatized the grievances of the Highland crofters, and the tyranny of Highland landlords and factors in ‘The Blue Bells of Scotland,’ now being performed at the Novelty Theatre, London.” The resolution was adopted, and cheers were given for Mr. Buchanan and “The Blue Bells of Scotland.”

     It only remains now for the Separatists to get a sensation cast for the play. The villains would be undoubtedly handed over to leading Unionists. The wicked lord might be played by Lord Randolph Churchill, and his “factor” by Mr. Chamberlain. The hero would naturally be Mr. Labouchere or Mr. Conybeare; while the part of the gentleman who does the prophet business would suit Sir William Harcourt admirably. The “Wandering Ballad-Singer” might suit the ex-Prime Minister himself; while the Corporal of Marines who, instead of putting down the crofters, sympathizes with and supports them, would be the very part for Sir George Trevelyan.—I am, Sir, your obedient servant,
     October 28.                                                                                                                                 R. E.



The Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News (5 November, 1887 - p.1,14)




     MISS HARRIETT JAY, who was born in 1859, adopted the stage about the year 1880, when she joined a country company, an d played for some time under an assumed name. Her first appearance under her own name was at the Crystal Palace, where she appeared with Mr. Henry Neville and played the part of the Queen of Connaught, which was originally sustained by Miss Ada Cavendish. Her first appearance at a West-end theatre was as Lady Jane Grey, in The Nine Days Queen. After this she played for a season at the Olympic, and then accepted an engagement from Mr. George Rignold to star in the provinces as Lady Clancarty. Returning to London, Miss Jay created the part of the Hon. Cecil Brookfield in Lady Clare, a part she played during the run of that piece at the Globe. She then accepted an offer from Mr. Augustus Harris, and went for a season to Drury Lane. This was followed by a visit to America, where during her brief stay Miss Jay appeared as the Hon. Cecil Brookfield and Lady Clancarty. On her return to England she was seen at the Olympic in Alone in London, playing first the character of Tom Chickweed, a costermonger boy, and afterwards that of Nan. During the run of Alone in London she was engaged to appear at matinées at the Opera Comique in the character of Sappho. During a provincial tour of Alone in London Miss Jay played the part of Nan. Many years of hard work were beginning to tell upon her health, so on the termination of this tour she took a long rest. Her next appearance was at the Novelty Theatre, where she filled the parts of Lady Ethel Gordon in The Blue Bells of Scotland, and of Lady Madge Slashton in Fascination. It is said that this piece is to be reproduced, and that Miss Jay will resume her original character. She is understood to be studying Rosalind with a view to a revival of As You Like It, but no details as to this are at present forthcoming. Our picture is from a photograph by Messrs. Boning and Small.



The Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News (12 November, 1887 - p.1,12)



     MISS MARIE STUART is a native of the Western Highlands, and the daughter of a master in the merchant service. At his death the subject of this sketch made her fist appearance upon the stage in the great spectacle of The Nations, one of the splendid pantomimes for which Glasgow has been long known creditably. Her manager, Mr. John Coleman, was so pleased with her earnestness and intelligence, that on returning to England he enrolled her as a member of his travelling company. For upwards of two years she studied the rudiments of her art under that gentleman, and it is to his tuition that she ascribes whatever proficiency she has acquired. It was during this period that Mr. Robert Buchanan and Miss Harriett Jay met Miss Marie Stuart, with the result that she was engaged for the part which she played at the Novelty in The Blue Bells of Scotland. She has since been engaged by Mr. Harris to appear at the Grand Theatre, Glasgow, in his new Scotch drama. Our portrait is from a photograph by Boning and Small, Baker-street.



Although The Blue Bells of Scotland was added to Miller and Elliston’s adverts for possible provincial tours in The Era (20th August and 17th September, 1887), I have not come across any reviews of further performances of the play. I have also found no evidence of any tours, in Britain, America or the colonies, organised by the “syndicate formed by Highland gentlemen and members of Parliament”.]



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